Primary or Secondary hyperpigmentation in dogs:
Hyperpigmentation is generally a secondary condition and results as a secondary effect. It often results from skin trauma. The most common cause of skin trauma is skin inflammation, such as redness or scratching.
The skin repair cycle is initiated when such trauma occurs. Increased melanin pigment is a protective factor for superficial skin layers as part of skin repair. Skin appears darker to see when this protective melanin pigment accumulates in the layers.
The most common causes of darker skin problems in dogs include allergies, scratching, skin infections due to bacteria, skin inflammation due to parasites, and self-trauma caused by activities such as scratching, rubbing, licking, and biting at the skin. All of these can cause hyperpigmentation.
Darker skin sometimes occurs after a skin problm has already occurred, and the skin is healing from trauma. Dogs can also develop darker skin due to breed-specific variations, hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism and Cushing’s disease, medications, physiological changes, etc.
The presence of other skin changes, such as hair loss or skin redness, is typically more helpful in determining the cause of the skin changes and correcting them, including hyperpigmentation.
When a dog has skin-related changes, it almost always has an underlying cause, so it is crucial to diagnose and treat the underlying problem. Veterinary dermatologists or family veterinarians are best suited to assess such underlying causes to determine how hyperpigmentation developed and the best treatment for the affected area.
Black Spots Causes
A variety of factors can cause dark spots on a dog’s skin:
Infection with fleas
It’s essential to know the condition of your dog’s skin to know what his health is like. If your dog has dark spots that resemble dirt, there is a chance he needs medical attention. If your dog doesn’t have fleas on ts skin, the chances are that he has a flea infection.
One flea can drive your dog crazy if he is allergic to flea saliva. Using a flea product that doesn’t work can lead to contamination, so take note. Always consult a vet for proper treatment. Antibiotics are usually used to treat this disease for six to eight weeks.
A yeast infection can also cause dark spots on your pup’s skin by overgrowing Malassezia pachydermatis. The dark spots are usually flushed or flat and appear around the groin area if he has a yeast infection.
Itching, oily skin, hair loss, black spots, foul odour on the skin, licking, and scratching are also symptoms. Your veterinarian can use an impression smear to determine whether your dog has a yeast infection.
It is usual for black patches to appear on a dog’s belly as it ages. Black spots are nothing to worry about as long as they’re not scaly, do not smell, and do not come with other symptoms like hair loss. The spots may naturally darken with age.
The most common cause is scabies. Known as sarcoptic mange, this disease is caused by microscopic mites that burrow into a dog’s skin. Scabies usually appears on infected dogs’ ear flaps, elbows, knees, abdomen, and chest.
It isn’t easy to diagnose, so it is essential to consult your veterinarian.
The treatment is a topical solution known as Revolution, which is applied once to the dog’s neck and then again in 3 to 4 weeks. Remember that scabies is easily transmitted between dogs, so keep your dog away from infected dogs.
How Can You Diagnosis of Black Spots on a Dog’s Skin?
Veterinary professionals look for the typical signs of Black spots or Black patches to diagnose Black spots. A complete physical exam and medical history are required to diagnose Black spots.
To determine whether parasites or infections are the cause, gentle scrapes of his skin may be taken. In the case of allergies, food trials may be conducted to identify the cause of symptoms.
The actual cause of hyperpigmentation cannot be determined without additional testing. In some cases, your veterinarian may conduct tests to determine the underlying cause of your dog’s symptoms.
Black Spots Treatment:
It is not possible to treat hyperpigmentation if it is its primary cause. However, in more severe cases, the disease may need to be treated with steroid ointment and shampoo. Other medications may be used as symptoms increase or worsen. If there are other infections, they will also be treated.
If the diagnosis is hyperpigmentation, the dog’s skin will return to normal once the underlying problem is resolved. It is essential to treat hyperpigmentation and bacterial and yeast infections.
Antibiotics and anti-fungal medications can be used to treat yeast and bacterial infections on dogs’ skin. Medicinal shampoos can also be used to help dogs’ skin. The treatment is applied 2-3 times a week and may progress slowly.
The recurrence of hyperpigmentation will only increase if the underlying cause of the symptoms is not treated correctly.
How do prevent black spots in dogs’ skin?
It is challenging to prevent hyperpigmentation in dogs because of various causes. To maintain a dog’s health, owners must promptly treat allergies, infections, and injuries.
It is best to keep dogs out of the sun whenever possible and, when not, apply dog-safe sunscreen such as zinc oxide to non-haired areas of their skin.
Can coconut oil help dogs with darker skin or skin infections?
When dogs suffer from skin allergies or infections, coconut oil is an effective treatment. This type of essential oil is recommended by many veterinarians, including holistic veterinarians, for treating a wide range of skin disorders.
Is it a problem if black spots can be seen on a dog’s genitals?
There are the exact causes for all black spots on dogs, including near their genitals. A skin infection is more likely to occur in the genital area, as skin folds are standard and the area is also frequently moist.